Around 15 types are seen in the United States.
few of these beautiful gifts of God live here all year. Others come for
the warm months from Mexico or other areas from the south.
types of hummingbirds seen in the u.s.
The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the most well known of all the types of hummers. It populates the entire eastern half of the
United States during the warm months.
The male Ruby-throated, as his name implies has a ruby-red throat,
The top of his head, back and sides are greenish. His underside
is whitish. His dark tail is deeply notched in the center.
female’s dark tail is not notched, but it has white on the ends of the
outside corners. Her throat and under parts are whitish. The top of her
head and back are greenish. There may be fine spots on her throat.
Immature males resemble the females.
The female Ruby-throated builds her nest 10’ to 20’ off the ground, under a branch and over an open area or water.
lays two eggs about the size of a navy bean. She incubates the eggs for
14 to 16 days. She feeds the baby hummers regurgitated nectar and
bugs for about 21 days before the babies fledge.
You can tell the babies at the feeder by their
fluffy white bottoms. They don’t have to have bottom feathers
to fly, so that is one of the last areas to grow their feathers.
the fall, August to September depending on exactly where they live, the
adults head south for the winter. The juveniles hang back and eat and
then head south weeks after the older hummingbirds have already left.
Then in the spring March to April, they all fly back to the same area
they left in the fall. They remember where the feeders and flowers were
where they ate last year.
This tiny bird, just
over 3 inches big, flies 500-600 miles south to Mexico or Central
America for the winter. Then in the spring they fly the long way back to
the area where they were hatched.
These tiny jewels certainly are one
of God’s amazing gifts.
More Interesting Hummingbird Facts