how to grow roses

Everything you need to know about caring for roses. How to grow roses is easy by following a few simple guidelines.

Select the rose types you like, plant them in an area with good sunlight and drainage. Water and fertilize them regularly, prune and use pest control as needed.

You will soon have America's most popular flower flourishing in your garden.






Roses have been cultivated for hundred of years.

There are numerous old and modern varieties to choose from.

I have listed the Types Of Roses you will find in local garden centers.

Select your rose types depending on how you intend to use them in the landscape.

The star of modern roses is the carefree Knock Out Rose.

How to Grow Roses, all about caring for rosesCaring For Roses Is Very Rewarding

Planting Roses

Watering 

Fertilizing

Pest Control 

Pruning Roses

Roses have been cultivated for hundred of years. There are numerous old and modern varieties to choose from.

I have listed the Types Of Roses you will find in local garden centers. Select your rose types depending on how you intend to use them in the landscape.

The star of modern roses is the carefree Knock Out Rose.





how to grow roses


location

Selecting the correct location is one of the most important aspects of how to grow roses.

  • Roses need at least 5-6 hours of sunlight for strong growth and good flowering.
  • The most common reason roses don't flower well is because they don't have enough sunlight.
  • Your rose location should have well drained soil.
  • The area should also have good air circulation to help prevent leaf diseases.


Caring for Roses, Double Delight RoseHow To Grow Roses

how to grow roses


location

Caring for Roses, Double Delight RoseHow To Grow Roses

Selecting the correct location is one of the most important aspects of how to grow roses.

  • Roses need at least 5-6 hours of sunlight for strong growth and good flowering.
  • The most common reason roses don't flower well is because they don't have enough sunlight.
  • Your rose location should have well drained soil.
  • The area should also have good air circulation to help prevent leaf diseases.

planting roses


Planting roses from a container.

Before planting roses make sure they are well watered in the container.

  • Dig the hole before you take the rose out of the container. It's not a good idea to expose the roots to the air any longer that necessary.
  • Dig the hole about twice as wide as the size of the container and about the depth of the container. Dig the sides of the hole straight up and down. Make the hole the same width at the bottom as it is at the top. A good hole is necessary for growing roses.
  • Amend the soil you will be putting back into the hole with organic matter. Organic matter not only provides nutrition but it loosens the soil and gives the roots room to breath and get the oxygen and moisture they need.
  • You may put a bit of time released fertilizer into the bottom of the hole. Cover the fertilizer with a little soil so the roots don't contact the fertilizer directly. They will get the fertilizer when they grow to it.


Planting Roses, Yellow Rose pictureLovely Yellow Roses
  • Now take the rose out of it's container. If you see roots going around the bottom of the container, gently straighten them out. Set your new rose plant into the hole at the same depth it was in the container.
  • Fill around the rose about half way up with the amended soil. Then fill the hole to the top with water. Let the water soak away and water it again.
  • Now fill the planting hole with soil and water the rose again. Apply some mulch around the rose to help control weeds and maintain moisture.

Planting RosesPlanting Roses
Planting Roses, Yellow Rose pictureLovely Yellow Roses

Before planting roses make sure they are well watered in the container.

  • Dig the hole before you take the rose out of the container. It's not a good idea to expose the roots to the air any longer that necessary.
  • Dig the hole about twice as wide as the size of the container and about the depth of the container. Dig the sides of the hole straight up and down. Make the hole the same width at the bottom as it is at the top. A good hole is necessary for growing roses.
  • Amend the soil you will be putting back into the hole with organic matter. Organic matter not only provides nutrition but it loosens the soil and gives the roots room to breath and get the oxygen and moisture they need.
  • You may put a bit of time released fertilizer into the bottom of the hole. Cover the fertilizer with a little soil so the roots don't contact the fertilizer directly. They will get the fertilizer when they grow to it.


Planting RosesPlanting Roses
  • Now take the rose out of it's container. If you see roots going around the bottom of the container, gently straighten them out. Set your new rose plant into the hole at the same depth it was in the container.
  • Fill around the rose about half way up with the amended soil. Then fill the hole to the top with water. Let the water soak away and water it again.
  • Now fill the planting hole with soil and water the rose again. Apply some mulch around the rose to help control weeds and maintain moisture.

Planting bare root roses.

Put the bare root rose into some room temperature water for about an hour to make sure it is well hydrated.

  • Dig the planting hole the same as above.
  • Make a mound in the bottom of the planting hole. Set the rose into the hole and spread the roots down over the mound of soil.
  • Put amended soil about half way up in the hole and water the plant thoroughly.
  • Fill the hole the rest of the way up to the level the rose was planted before. Water again and apply mulch.
  • Do not fertilize the bare root plant until you see good growth on the rose. Then apply fertilizer and water it in.
Planting Roses, Old-fashioned Pink Roses pictureOld-fashioned Pink Roses
Planting Roses, Old-fashioned Pink Roses pictureOld-fashioned Pink Roses

Put the bare root rose into some room temperature water for about an hour to make sure it is well hydrated.

  • Dig the planting hole the same as above.
  • Make a mound in the bottom of the planting hole. Set the rose into the hole and spread the roots down over the mound of soil.
  • Put amended soil about half way up in the hole and water the plant thoroughly.
  • Fill the hole the rest of the way up to the level the rose was planted before. Water again and apply mulch.
  • Do not fertilize the bare root plant until you see good growth on the rose. Then apply fertilizer and water it in.

caring for roses after planting


Watering Roses

How to grow roses includes regular watering.

  • Established roses are very drought tolerant.

  • Check them about once a week to see if the soil is dry. When you do water, water deeply with about 1" of water.
  • Apply the water at the base of the plant. That allows all of the water to soak into the soil. This is how to grow roses with fewer leaf diseases.
  • If you do water by sprinklers, do it in the morning.
  • The leaves need to dry off before night. Because wet leaves at night encourage leaf diseases.

Watering Roses, Red RosesRoses Are Drought Tolerant
Watering Roses, Red RosesRoses Are Drought Tolerant

How to grow roses includes regular watering.

  • Established roses are very drought tolerant.

  • Check them about once a week to see if the soil is dry. When you do water, water deeply with about 1" of water.
  • Apply the water at the base of the plant. That allows all of the water to soak into the soil. This is how to grow roses with fewer leaf diseases.
  • If you do water by sprinklers, do it in the morning.
  • The leaves need to dry off before night. Because wet leaves at night encourage leaf diseases.


Fertilizing Roses

If your roses flower all summer fertilize them about three times during the growing season.

  • Fertilize the last time around Labor Day to give the new growth time to harden off before winter.
  • Roses that bloom once a year are fertilized once a year, early in their growing season.
  • Apply the fertilizer at the leaf drip-line. The feeder roots that pick up water and nutrients are out at the drip-line.
  • Use a rose food or a fertilizer such as a 5-10-5. This is how to grow roses.
Beautiful White Rose photoFertilizing Makes Bigger Flowers
Beautiful White Rose photoFertilizing Makes Bigger Flowers

If your roses flower all summer fertilize them about three times during the growing season.

  • Fertilize the last time around Labor Day to give the new growth time to harden off before winter.
  • Roses that bloom once a year are fertilized once a year, early in their growing season.
  • Apply the fertilizer at the leaf drip-line. The feeder roots that pick up water and nutrients are out at the drip-line.
  • Use a rose food or a fertilizer such as a 5-10-5. This is how to grow roses.

simple Pest Control

Systemic pesticides have simplified rose bush care.

  • If you have a pest problem with either bugs or leaf diseases, get a rose food that has a systemic pesticide and fungicide included with the fertilizer.
  • The systemic pesticide is taken up into the plant through the roots. It then works from the inside of the plant out to control the pests and diseases.
  • This greatly simplifies how to grow roses. It eliminates the necessity of spraying the top of the plant.
  • Follow the directions on the pesticide container.
Simplify Rose Pest ControlSimplify Rose Pest Control
Simplify Rose Pest ControlSimplify Rose Pest Control

Systemic pesticides have simplified rose bush care.

  • If you have a pest problem with either bugs or leaf diseases, get a rose food that has a systemic pesticide and fungicide included with the fertilizer.
  • The systemic pesticide is taken up into the plant through the roots. It then works from the inside of the plant out to control the pests and diseases.
  • This greatly simplifies how to grow roses. It eliminates the necessity of spraying the top of the plant.
  • Follow the directions on the pesticide container.

pruning roses

Pruning rose bushes controls the shape, size and health of the rose plant. When you know how to grow roses you will get larger blooms and healthy new growth.

when to prune roses

Pruning is best done in the early spring when the buds are swollen, but not leafed out.

  • Cut off all broken, diseased and crossing canes.
  • Normally 1/3 to 1/2 half of their height is removed to keep them a manageable size.
  • Prune to outward facing buds. 
  • Prune to three to seven strong, evenly spaced canes that will allow plenty of light and air into the center of the plant.


Pruning Roses, Pink Knockout RosePink Knock Out Rose
Pruning Roses, Pink Knockout RosePink Knock Out Rose

Pruning is best done in the early spring when the buds are swollen, but not leafed out.

  • Cut off all broken, diseased and crossing canes.
  • Normally 1/3 to 1/2 half of their height is removed to keep them a manageable size.
  • Prune to outward facing buds. 
  • Prune to three to seven strong, evenly spaced canes that will allow plenty of light and air into the center of the plant.


Pruning Rose bushes

Shrub roses are pruned to keep them in their allotted space, full and natural looking. Normally reduce their height by about half each spring.

Knock Out roses are pruned in the spring before they leaf out, cut back about one third to keep them at a nice manageable size of 3-4’. Knockouts do not require deadheading spent flowers. This simplifies how to grow roses.

Miniature roses are pruned to about half their height. Leave about six canes, while shaping the plant during the spring pruning.

Climbing roses are pruned after they have bloomed. Many bloom on last year's growth. If they are pruned first thing in the spring their flower buds are cut off.


Pruning Rose BushesPruning Makes Beautiful Roses
Pruning Rose BushesPruning Makes Beautiful Roses

Shrub roses are pruned to keep them in their allotted space, full and natural looking. Normally reduce their height by about half each spring.

Knock Out roses are pruned in the spring before they leaf out, cut back about one third to keep them at a nice manageable size of 3-4’. Knockouts do not require deadheading spent flowers. This simplifies how to grow roses.

Miniature roses are pruned to about half their height. Leave about six canes, while shaping the plant during the spring pruning.

Climbing roses are pruned after they have bloomed. Many bloom on last year's growth. If they are pruned first thing in the spring their flower buds are cut off.


pruning spent flowers

  • Cut above a five-leaflet leaf.
  • Don't cut to a three-leaflet or the resulting growth will be weak and spindly. 
  • Prune to an outward facing bud, so the new growth will go outward instead towards the interior of the bush. 
  • Cut about a 1/4" above the leaf axial.
  • Cutting too close will injure the new bud.
  • If you leave too much stem above the axial, there is a chance the cane will die back.



How To Prune Rose FlowersPruning Rose Flowers
How To Prune Rose FlowersPruning Rose Flowers
  • Cut above a five-leaflet leaf.
  • Don't cut to a three-leaflet or the resulting growth will be weak and spindly. 
  • Prune to an outward facing bud, so the new growth will go outward instead towards the interior of the bush. 
  • Cut about a 1/4" above the leaf axial.
  • Cutting too close will injure the new bud.
  • If you leave too much stem above the axial, there is a chance the cane will die back.

growing roses is so rewarding

When you know how to grow roses, you can have beautiful roses every year.

You can grow any type of roses, they are all worth it!

Enjoy God's beautiful gift by growing some dreamy roses.


Select Your Rose Types

Roses are one of my favorite flowersDreamy Roses
Roses are one of my favorite flowersDreamy Roses

When you know how to grow roses, you can have beautiful roses every year.

You can grow any type of roses, they are all worth it!

Enjoy God's beautiful gift by growing some dreamy roses.

Select Rose Types







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